You can find many individuals who have hearing impairment who are not completely deaf. The common reasons for loss of hearing are nerve problems, the outer or inner ear is affected, or may have both the problems. There are two types so of hearing loss people one who has lost their hearing before when they have learned language such is called pre lingual and the second type is the one who has lost hearing after learning the language and they are known as post-lingual. Learning for hearing impaired children must be simple and each individual must be treated according to their unique requirements. Let us see some teaching strategies for such people.
- Always encourage the hearing impaired children to seat in front seats so that they can see the person providing the lecture. This will help them to understand the lecture in better ways as they try to understand by lip-reading, visual clues, or hearing machine. Never force them to follow your suggestion as some may not be comfortable doing that in such case try to find out some other alternatives.
- Make sure that there is no background noise while you’re teaching and when the child asks you questions make sure you repeat the question clearly before giving the response to them.
- The children who are listening to you through the lip reading may face difficulty following you if the room is dark. To adjust the lighting of the room according to their requirement. And do not speak while you are writing something on the blackboard as the children will not be able to see you follow. They will also face problems following you when your face is covered with a book, beard, etc.
- If a child is learning by watching an interpreter then it becomes difficult to observe them along with making notes from the blackboard. So it is necessary that you provided all the notes in the form of handouts.
- Whenever you are trying to teach children by showing some videos and films make sure that the video has captions coming on it. Else plan some other ways through which the information is passed to hearing-impaired children.
- Provide them with more time to complete the assignments and also give them complete information to finish the assignments. Some students may require an instructor while writing the exam so that the instructor can tell the question in sign language.
Hope this information will help all the teachers who are teaching hearing-impaired children. It is each responsibility to support such people in whatever way they can.